Los personal mobility vehicles They are more fashionable than ever and scooters are already another means of transport in cities. The explosion has been such that the municipalities, first, and the Government, later, have had to legislate at a forced pace. In order not to incur any illegality, here we leave you a guide to know everything we have to know as users of electric scooters and, in general, personal mobility vehicles.
First of all, it must be taken into account that despite being with us for a short time, personal mobility vehicles already have extensive legislation to regulate their use. Therefore, before buying this type of device and getting started, we should not overlook some aspects to take into account.
Nor can we ignore that these obligations are not random. It is estimated that in Spain there a million vehicles personal mobility and in 2020 eight users died of this means of transport, 97 people involved in accidents were hospitalized and another 1,097 injured people did not require hospitalization.
Personal mobility vehicles have opened a wide range of options to move in the urban environments that the Government has had to regulate, since the previous delimitations had fallen short. And it is that our streets have been filled with electric scooters, segways, hoverboards, electric skateboards, scooters with seats… an amalgam of possibilities that the Manual of technical characteristics of personal mobility vehicles has come to fix.
In general terms, all personal mobility vehicles will have to meet the following technical characteristics:
- Limited speed between 6 and 25 km/h with anti-handling systems.
- Maximum length of two meters.
- Maximum weight of 50 kg.
- Maximum power of 1,000 W in case of lack of self-balancing system.
- Maximum power of 2,500 W if they have a self-balancing system.
- Handlebar with a minimum height of 70 centimeters or 50 centimeters if it has a self-balancing system and a saddle.
- Two independent brakes that guarantee a minimum deceleration of 3.5 m/s2.
- Indicator showing the speed at which it is circulating and the battery level.
- Kickstand to keep them balanced in your parking lot.
- Double security system in its folding.
All these technical requirements will be mandatory for the homologation of new personal mobility vehicles sold from January 22, 2024. In addition, they must have a small plate on the chassis with a QR code detailing all the technical information and, thus, making it easy for an agent to consult.
In the case of having a scooter or other personal mobility vehicle, the incorporation of this metal plate with the QR code will not be necessary until the year 2027, when all users will be required to have it.
📢🆕🛴 New Manual of Technical Characteristics of Personal Mobility Vehicles that includes the conditions that vehicles must meet. #VMPduly certified, to be able to circulate on the tracks.
— Dir. Grail Traffic (@DGTes) January 21, 2022
What should I know if I have a VMP
The first thing we have to take into account is that, until now, the use and regulation of VMPs was defined by the municipal ordinances and that, in those cities that lacked them, the norms that regulate the operation at the state level had to be complied with.
With the latest changes, the Government, through the DGT, has defined broader regulations that are already reflected in the Traffic Law and that serve as a general framework for all users of this type of vehicle. Municipal ordinances may be more restrictive but, at a minimum, users of electric scooters and other types of devices included in the same category must meet the following requirements. In general terms, the requirements are very similar to those required by a cyclist.
- Circulate on the road, either by a lane or by a segregated bike lane.
- Prohibition of driving on the sidewalk, except in the case of bike sidewalks, or on pedestrian crossings.
- Obligation to wear a helmet “in the terms determined by regulation”. The same definition that allows cyclists to lack it when they are over 16 years old and move through town.
- Obligation to wear a white front light and a red rear light.
- Alcohol rate 0.0 for minors.
- Prohibition of driving on motorways, dual carriageways and secondary roads.
- Ban on wearing headphones and using mobile phones.
- Obligation to wear reflective clothing for driving at night.
Photo | Jirka Matousek