The European Union expects that by 2030 CO2 emissions from automobiles will have been reduced by 37.5%, compared to what the exhaust pipes expelled in 2021. To achieve this, the Government has defined the Integrated National Energy Plan and Climate (PNIEC). A project that, however, is very far from the proposed objectives.
El PNIEC. On January 20, 2020, the Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge sent the Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan (PNIEC) to the European Union. This project includes the measures to be taken to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 23% compared to those estimated in 1990.
The PNIEC takes a complete picture of the energy situation in our country, the challenges we face and the means to achieve the objectives. It includes objectives both for the reduction of fossil fuel consumption and for limiting our energy dependence.
automobiles. According to government estimates, to achieve the desired objectives, it is necessary for the Spanish mobile fleet to reach figures of three million highly electrified cars by 2030. Of them, 70% should be electric and 30% plug-in hybrids. The European Union, for its part, claims that, by 2030, 40% of the Spanish mobile fleet is represented by electric or plug-in hybrid vehicles.
However, from ANFAC they have their doubts that these objectives can be met. According to his Electromobility Barometer, between January and March 2022, 17,704 electrified cars were registered. It is 14.8% of the electrified cars that should be achieved in 2022, since the desired figure when the year ends it is 120 cars of this type. At this rate, in 2030 we will have 3.3% of the electrified cars that we should have.
charging points. Photography is even more problematic if we look at the charging points. The European Commission points out that a charging point is necessary for every 10 electric or plug-in hybrid cars. ANFAC, however, points out that 10.3 recharging points are necessary for every 1,000 people of motorizable age.
And the data is even worse if we compare it with the number of registered cars. Between January and March 2022, 833 public charging points were installed. By the end of this year, we should have 45,000 public charging points in Spain. At the moment there are 13,411 plugs, 2.6% of what we should have in December 2022. But, at this rate, in 2030 we will only have 0.3% of plugs of the 340,000 public accesses that we should have, according to the manufacturers association.
Europa. They say that bad for many… and the truth is that Spain is very far from meeting its objectives but the rest of the European countries are not much better off. In its Electromobility Barometer, ANFAC points out that Spain has improved its infrastructure indicator by 0.7 points compared to the last 2021 report. Right now, we stand at a score of 4.8 out of 100.
Norway is the only country that complies, with 114 points. The Netherlands is the second most advanced region, but it has a score of 47 points. Germany, the third country with the best score, is already at 12.9 out of 100. The average for the European Union is 9.8 points and the United Kingdom, Portugal, France or the Czech Republic have better data than Spain.
If the recharging points are taken into account with respect to the population of motorizable age, Spain falls to 4.3 points. A classification in which no one meets. The Netherlands stands at 74.8 points and Norway at 65.8. The European average, here, is even further away, since it increases to 10.8 points, so the gap is even greater.
By force. Although ANFAC records that the number of electric and plug-in hybrids will only be 3.3% in our country of the objectives set for 2030, it is expected that these increase in the coming years. It must be taken into account that combustion vehicles will see their offer drastically reduced with the new Euro 7 regulations, which will force, in practice, to leave these cars aside.
However, the recharging infrastructure does present more problems. The Government has been wanting to stimulate the installation of plugs for some time. In community garages, the electric car user only needs to notify the neighbors of the installation. They have also been declared Good of Public Interest to facilitate the procedures. Y in 2023 they want to have 100,000 public charging points available.
And, despite everything, Spain is very far from the expected data. Europe also needs to install 14,000 weekly charging points to make the deployment of the electric car viable, but the rate is 2,000 points every seven days. With the European Union pushing to sell highly electrified vehicles and charging infrastructure not growing at the expected rate, we may find ourselves with a major bottleneck very soon.