Spain wants to change the dynamic with more charging points
Various studies show that the development of the network of charging points is decisive for the expansion of the electric vehicle. One aspect in which Spain is among the last places in Europe, with just 10 charging points per 100,000 inhabitants. Thus, our country represents 12% of the territory, but only has 3% of the recharge while Italy with 7% has already installed 6% of the recharge points or France, with 14%, offers 21% , based on data from early 2022.
The European ranking is led by the Netherlands with about 70.000, Norway or Sweden. Behind are France (45,751) and Germany (44,538). This high endowment of infrastructure of the first European countries, added to environmental awareness, lower maintenance costs and added tax advantages, is what explains its advantage in the electric vehicle penetrationwith 36.7%, 2.7% and 5.2% of the market.
With everything, and to try to position Spain in a place where this commitment to the electric car materializes, the Government is preparing a plan for the coming months that will be done to increase both the number of public points for recharging and a new intention in the power limits.
What will this new regulation be like?
All in all, of the total of 224,237 recharging points spread across Europe, Spain has a total of 13,411 public access infrastructures. “Throughout 2021, 4,866 points have been installed, a four times lower growth to the one necessary to keep pace with market growth» explained Anfac (the Spanish Association of Car and Truck Manufacturers) at the time in the presentation of one of its latest electromobility barometers.
But it seems that there is a first light at the end of the tunnel. And it is that, with the purpose of reversing this situation, the Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge approved last December a Royal Decree that helps to digitize the electricity distribution networks and boost infrastructure recharging for electric vehicles on public roads. The goal is none other than to have 100,000 public charging points by 2023.
It does so with article 4 of this new regulation, which establishes that non-residential car parks must have “minimum recharging point facilities”: a recharging point for every 40 seats in premises with up to 1,000 parking spaces and one for every 10 for those with more than 1,000 spaces. All these infrastructures must comply with the corresponding industrial safety regulations.
Power limits, the main measure
All agents involved in the path towards sustainable mobility must support any initiative that promotes the electrification of the automotive sector. For this reason, together with the new recharging point infrastructures to increase the recharging network in Spain, there will be other equally important rules.
One of them, for example, has to do with the power limits of these chargers. Currently, the ideal is for customers in the mall or supermarket to be able to charge their vehicle battery up to almost 100% during the time they are shopping. Assuming that the visit time of the users in these premises is around one hour, it would be necessary to install at least one 50kW charger that can charge up to two vehicles simultaneously.
In addition, in this regulatory context, owners must take into account the stock of chargers on the market. Charger manufacturers face great challenges with delivery times: The market average for the shipment of fast chargers is between 30 and 35 weeks.