Electric car charging is, without a doubt, one of the great hurdles to overcome if you want to extend its technology. The where and the how they remain one of its great obstacles. In this article we are going to try to unravel all the charging options, with their prices and the best options for each driver profile.
Unless solid-state batteries end up triumphing and make us forget about electric car recharging or, at least, increase autonomy and allow charging close to what it takes to fill a fuel tank, recharging will continue to be inextricably linked to the car. electric.
Charger: yes or no?
Obviously, having a charger at home is the simplest solution to have an electric car, but it is not the only one nor is it essential. Accepting the possible difficulties that we will find along the way, it is possible to have this type of vehicle without a domestic charger.
However, as we said, the easiest thing is to have one. In this case, it can be installed in a house or in a community garage. If we talk about an individual home, the process will be simpler and we will be able to choose how to carry out its installation with greater flexibility. In fact, according to the city council, it is possible that in the construction of a new home we are forced to include one.
Be that as it may, there are different solutions.
- Install the charger with the purchase of a new car.
- Install the charger with an individual company at our expense.
In the event that we get hold of an electric car, most of the time the manufacturer makes available to the customer, as part of the offer, the charging point installationso in this case the buyer must take stock and check if it is worth it or prefers that the process be carried out by an external company.
In either case, we must take into account which plug we want for our home. These can be the following:
- Domestic plug: A traditional plug, we will not have to do any other type of installation but it will only charge at 2.3 kW, so recharging will be very slow.
- Reinforced socket: It offers the same advantages as above (it is a common socket in homes and for which large installations are not needed) and it will charge the car more quickly.
- Individual recharging point: An installation is required and they usually exceed 1,000 euros but offer faster charges. The most common are 7.4 kW, 11 kW and up to 22 kW. The higher the power, the more expensive the charging point will be. In addition, some have automatic systems to charge the vehicle at the highest possible power without exceeding the contracted rate and, therefore, causing a blackout at home. They can also be configured to charge during the hours with the lowest rates, which will usually be at night.
As for installing a charger in a community garage, we must know that the community can’t refuse to this and that, depending on the autonomous community, it is possible that the steps to be taken are slightly different.
But, broadly speaking, you have to keep in mind that:
- The electric car driver can have a charging point in a community garage.
- The driver pays for the necessary work.
- The community can adapt the installation for future hook-ups with a work that will be paid by all the neighbors.
Living without a plug at home
As we said, living without a plug at home is also possible, although we will have to assume Some inconvenients. In these cases, the most common is to have a public plug near home or charge it at work.
What do we mean by public socket? Those to which any driver has free access, either on the street or because it is owned by a business, restaurant or hotel. In these last two cases, it is necessary to consider that the load of the car is linked to consuming or staying in said establishment.
As for the pricesBelow we have compiled the recharging figures of the companies that have the most plugs available in our country. If we want to have a handy map with their locations, Electromaps It is a good place to find them, since users leave regular comments about the status of the charging point, its prices, and you can check if the plug is in the process of being installed or if a car is charging.
One of the usual companies that you can find on the road is Wenea. On their website they highlight that since 2021 they already have more than 50,000 users in their application. Their prices are as follows:
- Super Fast Charge (up to 200kW): €0.49/kWh
- Fast Charge (up to 50kW): €0.39/kWh
- Semi Fast Charge (from 22 to 43kW): €0.30/kWh
- Slow Charge (up to 7.4kW): €0.3/kWh
Repsol is another of the large companies with electric charging points in our country. According to their own data, have 230 public outlets, 50 of them for fast charging (up to 150 kW) and 2 for ultra-fast charging (up to 350 kW). As for their prices:
- Ultra Fast Charging (up to 350 kW): €0.446/kW.
- Super Fast Charge (up to 150 kW): €0.39/kW.
- Fast Charge (less than 50 kW): €0.29/kW.
Iberdrola, like other companies, does not have a fixed rate on your website for recharging electric cars. Next, we leave you the prices at the time this article is being written, taken from its mobile app:
- Ultra Fast Charging (up to 350 kW): €0.51/kWh for those belonging to Iberdrola and €0.79/kWh for the Ionity network
- Super Fast Charge (up to 200 kW): €0.45/kWh
- Fast Charge (up to 50kW): €0.39/kWh
As in the case of Iberdrola, to find out Endesa’s rates, it is also necessary to access its mobile application. There, we find the following data:
- Super Fast Charging (up to 200kW): from €0.40/kWh to €0.50/kWh
- Fast Charge (up to 50kW): €0.40/kWh
- Semi-Fast Charge (from 22 kW): 0.35 €/kWh
- Slow Charge (up to 7.4kW): €0.3/kWh
Although, at the moment, they are not open to all vehicles, Tesla has a network of superchargers of up to 150 kW. The price of these superchargers, with the latest increase, is €0.41/kWh. In addition, when using it, keep in mind that to guarantee the availability of the plug, Tesla charges 0,50 euros for every minute that the vehicle remains at the charging point once it has been completed. This rate only applies when the station has more than 50% of its sockets in operation and reaches the full euro if all sockets are occupied.
Other companies and places
These companies are the most common, but there are some companies like Easycharger that are in the process of expansion, others such as Ibil, which manage different companies throughout the national territory, such as Repsol or West Mobilityor outlets found in public places, such as shopping malls, where free charging is offered.
It is also possible to find free plugs in restaurants and hotels. Of course, we must bear in mind that, most likely, it is that to occupy these plugs we are forced to stay or consume in these establishments.
Types of chargers
In addition, when charging an electric car, we must take into account which charger our vehicle supports. Currently, in Spain and Europe the charger has been imposed CCS/Combo 2which allows recharging by alternating or direct current in the same plug, the latter being the second fastest and the first one indicated for slower (normally domestic) and cheaper recharges.
For slower charges, it is also possible that our vehicle incorporates a Type 2 cable, popularly known as Mennekes. In this case, it is the same connector but without the two lower inputs and it is used in loads exclusively with alternating current.
But, in addition, it must be taken into account that in Japan the type charger has been promoted CHAdeMO, which means that some vehicles arrived from there, as in the case of Nissan or Mitsubishi, have this less widespread standard. The CHAdeMO type also allows fast charging, but its public charging points are less widespread, so it is important to check what type of charger we have available at all times.
In addition, Tesla also has its own standard. However, the Tesla Model 3s that circulate in Europe have been adapted to the European CCS system, which allows them to have all the available charging points of this type and, in addition, use their network of superchargers.